RV Financing and Insurance

RVing offers a unique way to travel and see the world while enjoying the comforts of home. With an RV, you can take your accommodations with you wherever you roam. However, RVs can be quite an investment. Financing options make owning one more accessible for many travelers. Insuring your RV properly is also essential to protect your assets while on the road. This guide will provide an overview of RV financing and insurance to help you hit the road confidently.

RV Financing and Insurance

What Does RV Financing Mean?

RV financing refers to loan programs that allow borrowers to finance the purchase of motorhomes, campers, and other recreational vehicles. It provides a way for interested RV buyers to pay for their vehicle over time rather than paying the full cost upfront.

RV loans differ from other financing options in a few key ways:

Loan Amounts – RV loans allow for higher loan amounts compared to auto loans since RVs have higher price tags.

Loan Terms – RV loans typically have shorter loan terms than mortgages. This is because RVs depreciate in value more quickly than homes.

Down Payments – Down payments for RV financing tend to be higher, often 10-20% of the purchase price. This helps reduce the amount financed and keeps payments more affordable.

Interest Rates – Interest rates on RV loans may be slightly higher than rates for new car loans but are generally competitive. Excellent credit scores lead to the best rates.

RV financing provides borrowers the ability to pay for their RV over an extended time. This makes owning an RV possible even if someone doesn’t have the full cash to pay upfront.

How Does It Work?

RV financing works much like other installment loan programs. You select the RV you wish to buy, determine the loan amount needed, and apply with a lender. The lender reviews your credit, income, and other factors to make a loan decision.

If approved, you can finalize your RV purchase using the loan for funding. You then repay the loan in monthly installments over the agreed loan term length. These payments include both principal, reducing the amount owed, plus ongoing interest charges on the unpaid balance.

Types of RV Loans

There are two main types of RV loans: secured and unsecured.

Secured RV loans: This is the most common type of RV loan. With a secured RV loan, the RV is used as collateral for the loan. This means that the lender has the right to repossess the RV if you default on your payments.

Unsecured RV loans: With an unsecured RV loan, the lender does not require collateral. This means that you do not have to put up the RV as collateral, but you will likely be charged a higher interest rate.

Most buyers pursue secured lending since it offers better rates and approvals. But less-than-perfect credit means some seek unsecured loans. However, the best type of RV loan for you will depend on your individual circumstances. If you have good credit and can afford a larger down payment, a secured RV loan may be a good option for you. If you have bad credit or cannot afford a large down payment, an unsecured RV loan may be a better option.

All About RV Financing Aka RV Loan

Recreational vehicle loans help finance RVs under installment contracts lasting 10 years or longer in many cases. Key factors that impact RV loans include:

Loan Period

The loan period, also known as the loan term, refers to the duration over which you are obligated to repay the borrowed amount for an RV loan. It is typically expressed in months, ranging from as short as 12 months to as long as 240 months. The choice of loan period significantly impacts your monthly payments and the overall interest you will pay throughout the loan’s life.

A shorter loan period, such as 12 or 24 months, will result in higher monthly payments but lower overall interest. This is because you are repaying the principal amount more quickly, reducing the time for interest to accumulate. Conversely, a longer loan period, such as 180 or 240 months, will lead to lower monthly payments but higher overall interest. This is due to the extended time frame over which interest accrues.

The ideal loan period depends on your financial situation and preferences. If you have a comfortable monthly budget and prioritize paying off the loan quickly, a shorter term might be suitable. On the other hand, if you prefer lower monthly payments and are willing to pay more interest in the long run, a longer term may be more manageable.

Interest Rate

The interest rate is the percentage of the principal loan amount that you are charged annually for the privilege of borrowing money. It is a crucial factor that determines the overall cost of your RV loan. RV loan interest rates typically range from 5% to 15%, depending on various factors, including your credit score, income, debt-to-income ratio, and the type of RV you are financing.

A higher credit score generally translates to a lower interest rate, as lenders perceive you as a more reliable borrower with a lower risk of default. Conversely, a lower credit score may result in a higher interest rate due to increased perceived risk. Your income and debt-to-income ratio also play a role, as lenders consider your ability to repay the loan without financial strain.

The type of RV you are financing can also influence the interest rate. For instance, newer or more expensive RVs may carry slightly higher interest rates compared to older or less expensive models. 

Down Payment

A down payment is a substantial upfront payment you make towards the purchase of an RV, typically expressed as a percentage of the RV’s sales price. It serves as a form of equity in the RV and demonstrates your financial commitment to the purchase.

A typical down payment for an RV loan ranges from 10% to 20% of the RV’s sales price. However, the actual amount may vary depending on your creditworthiness, the lender’s policies, and the type of RV you are financing. 

Amount of Money You Can Borrow

The amount of money you can borrow for an RV loan is determined by several factors, including your creditworthiness, income, and the value of the RV. Lenders typically assess your credit score and income to gauge your ability to repay the loan. They may also consider your debt-to-income ratio, which measures your total monthly debt obligations relative to your income.

In general, you can typically borrow $5,000 to $100,000 or more. However, the actual loan amount will depend on your individual circumstances and the lender’s policies.

How to Become Eligible for an RV Loan

As with any financing, lenders want reassurance you can manage monthly payments. Good credit and verifiable income are key requirements for the best RV loan options:

Credit Scores

Your credit score, a numerical representation of your creditworthiness, plays a pivotal role in determining your eligibility for an RV loan and the interest rate you’ll be offered. Lenders view credit scores as an indicator of your past borrowing behavior and repayment history.

Excellent Credit (680+): An excellent credit score, typically falling within the 680+ range, signifies a strong financial reputation and a low risk of default. This opens doors to favorable loan terms, including lower interest rates and higher loan amounts.

Fair Credit (600-679): A fair credit score, ranging from 600 to 679, indicates a moderate level of creditworthiness. While you may still qualify for an RV loan, you might face higher interest rates and stricter borrowing terms compared to those with excellent credit.

Poor Credit (Below 600): A credit score below 600 is considered poor, suggesting a higher risk of default. Obtaining an RV loan with a poor credit score becomes more challenging, and you may encounter significantly higher interest rates and limited loan options.

Down Payment 

A down payment is a substantial upfront payment you make towards the purchase of an RV, typically expressed as a percentage of the RV’s sales price. It serves as a form of equity in the RV and demonstrates your financial commitment to the purchase.

Typical Down Payment (10-20%): A down payment of 10-20% of the RV’s sales price is considered standard and can significantly improve your chances of loan approval. A larger down payment reduces the loan amount you need to borrow, making you a more attractive borrower to lenders.

Income Verification

Income verification is the process of providing documentation to lenders to substantiate your ability to make monthly loan payments. This typically involves submitting pay stubs or tax returns to demonstrate your income level and employment stability.

Importance of Income Verification: Lenders rely on income verification to assess your financial capacity to manage the RV loan payments without overburdening your budget. They consider your income in relation to your existing debt obligations to determine your debt-to-income ratio, a key factor in loan approval.

Acceptable Forms of Income Verification: Acceptable forms of income verification include recent pay stubs, W-2 forms, tax returns, and bank statements. Lenders may require documentation covering a specific period, such as the past three to six months.

Lower Debt-to-Income Ratio

Your debt-to-income (DTI) ratio measures your monthly debt obligations relative to your gross monthly income. Lenders consider a lower DTI as an indicator of your ability to manage additional debt, such as an RV loan payment.

Ideal Debt-to-Income Ratio: Generally, lenders prefer a DTI ratio below 40%, indicating that your monthly debt obligations consume less than 40% of your gross income. A lower DTI demonstrates greater financial flexibility and increases your chances of RV loan approval.

Meeting these types of requirements provides the best options for financing your RV securely.

How to Apply for an RV Loan

You can explore loan options from banks, credit unions, and specialized RV lenders when applying for financing. Online lenders also offer RV loans with easy application processes.

The application itself requests information including:

Step 1 – Get Quotes from Multiple Lenders

Begin by researching some initial rate quotes online at banks, credit unions, and specialty RV lenders. This gives an idea of estimated pricing and loan terms. Consider things like:

  • Interest rates and APRs
  • Loan repayment timeline (up to 20 years potentially)
  • Down payment levels needed
  • Loan fees involved

Collecting multiple quotes aids in comparison shopping for the best offer.

Step 2 – Complete an Application

Next, select your top lender options and complete full applications. Here you provide more detailed personal information for underwriting:

  • Legal name and contact information
  • Social Security Number
  • Employment status and income verification
  • Housing payment obligations
  • Existing debts from credit cards, other loans
  • The down payment amount available

Submit recent pay stubs, tax returns, and bank statements to corroborate the data provided. Authorization for the lender to access credit reports is also mandatory.

Step 3 – Sign the Loan Agreement

Finally, once approved, work with the lender to close on the RV loan. This involves signing final loan documents indicating:

  • Agreed loan amount
  • Interest rate locked
  • Monthly payment schedule
  • Loan origination fees
  • Collateral clauses tying the RV title to loan terms

Scheduling payments for automatic withdrawal going forward completes the process. You can then finalize purchasing your RV with financing secured!

Shopping multiple lenders makes RV loan approval more likely at better terms. With some upfront work, financing can fall into place smoothly.

From Where You Can Get RV Loans

Several sources exist for securing RV financing:

Banks – Major banks and regional players may offer RV loan programs, often with competitive rates for the best applicants.

Credit Unions – For those with established credit union memberships, financing an RV purchase through their credit union may be possible.

RV Dealers – Some RV dealers offer financing programs, either independently or through partnerships with dedicated RV lenders. This adds convenience when coordinating everything through the selling dealer.

Online Lenders – Specialized RV financing companies provide loans directly to consumers online across the country. They cater specifically to the RV marketplace.

Shopping among these types of institutions provides flexibility to compare lending terms and identify the best loan program for your particular situation.

What Does RV Insurance Mean?

RV insurance provides financial protection against physical damage or liability exposures stemming from the ownership and operation of a motorhome. It functions similarly to auto insurance except policies are designed for the unique aspects of insuring travel trailers and other recreational vehicles.

Coverage options are tailored to risks RV owners may face like collisions, weather damage, theft, vandalism, legal claims from others while driving, and more. Properly insuring an RV safeguards possibly substantial repair bills down the road.

Types of RV Insurance

Two main classifications of RV insurance coverage exist – full-time and part-time use policies. The type you select depends on how often and far you plan to utilize your RV.

Full-Time RV Insurance

As the name suggests, full-time RV insurance offers permanent, year-round protection. It provides coverage when dwelling within the RV full-time and traveling extensively across the country. This option fits snowbirds, for example.

Part-Time RV Insurance

Part-time policies cover RVs used occasionally for family vacations and periodic excursions. If the RV sits unused the majority of the time, part-time insurance may suffice at a lower premium cost.

Consider your intended usage levels when selecting between these main options. Read policies closely to verify exclusions or restrictions based on cumulative driving distance as well.

Is It Necessary to Get?

Yes, insuring your RV is a smart safeguard whether using it full-time or only periodically. RVs represent large financial investments. Damage repairs can easily exceed $10,000 – $20,000 if involved in an accident. Medical claims against you from others injured can also lead to legal judgments well into six figures.

Self-insuring by trying to pay unexpected bills out-of-pocket exposes owners to substantial financial risk. Carrying adequate coverage that fits your situation helps transfer physical damage and liability exposures to the insurer. Relatively affordable premiums make RV policies good long-term value.

How Much RV Insurance Costs By Type of RV

A major factor driving RV insurance premiums is the class and size of recreational vehicle being covered. Rates vary significantly across the range of motorhomes and towable campers.

Towable RVs

As the name suggests, towable RVs connect to standard vehicles for transport versus having integrated motors. Average annual premiums for common models are:

  • Teardrop Campers – $300 – $500
  • Pop-up Campers – $350 – $600
  • Travel Trailers – $400 – $750
  • Fifth-Wheel Campers – $450 – $850
  • Toy Haulers – $500 – $900

Insurers view towables as lower risk given fewer mechanical components. Their relatively compact size also means lower repair bills in case of damage.

Motorized RVs

Integrated motors make motorhomes more complex resulting in costlier coverage. Typical yearly premium ranges based on RV class are:

  • Class A – $1,000 – $1,300
  • Class B Camper Van – $300 – $1,000
  • Class C – $600 – $1,000

Class A policies run higher thanks to the sophisticated construction and maximum replacement values. But any self-powered RV risks more expensive repairs from physical damage or accidents.

The specific RV model, age, usage levels and selected coverage options further impact pricing. But reviewing averages by type helps frame initial budget expectations when insuring your next recreational vehicle. 

How RV Insurance Works

RV insurance, similar to auto insurance, provides financial protection against various risks associated with owning and operating a recreational vehicle (RV). It safeguards your investment and offers peace of mind as you embark on your RV adventures.

Common Coverage Options in RV Insurance

RV insurance policies encompass a range of coverage options tailored to the unique needs of RV owners. These include:

Collision Coverage: This covers repairs or replacement costs if your RV is damaged in an accident, regardless of who is at fault.

Comprehensive Coverage: This goes beyond collision-related damages, providing protection against events like storms, hail, floods, theft, vandalism, and fire.

Liability Coverage: This covers bodily injury and property damage liability if you cause injuries or damage to others while driving your RV.

Personal Effects Coverage: This protects your belongings kept inside your RV, such as clothing, dishes, electronics, and other valuable items.

Emergency Road Service Coverage: This provides assistance when your RV breaks down or encounters unexpected mechanical issues. It covers towing, labor, and roadside assistance.

How to Get RV Insurance

There are a few steps that you will need to follow to issue the insurance for your RV.

Step 1 – Gather information about your RV

This includes the make, model, year, and value of your RV. You will also need to know your RV’s usage, such as whether you use it full-time or only for occasional vacations.

Step 1 – Compare quotes from different insurance companies

There are many different insurance companies that offer RV insurance, so it is important to shop around to get the best rate. You can get quotes online, over the phone, or from an insurance agent.

Step 3 – Choose the coverage that is right for you

RV insurance policies typically offer a variety of coverage options, such as liability, collision, and comprehensive. You should choose the coverage that meets your needs and budget.

Step 4 –  Pay your premium

Once you have chosen a policy, you will need to pay your premium. This is the amount of money that you will pay for your insurance policy.

Factors to Consider When Choosing RV Insurance 

RV insurance is an essential part of owning an RV, as it protects you financially in case of an accident, theft, or other damage to your vehicle. When choosing RV insurance, it’s important to consider several factors to ensure you have the right coverage for your needs.

Type of RV

The type of RV you have will affect the cost of your insurance. RVs are typically classified into three categories:

  • Motorhomes: These are self-propelled RVs that contain living quarters, such as a kitchen, bathroom, and sleeping area.
  • Travel trailers: These are towed behind a vehicle and do not have their own engine.
  • Fifth-wheel trailers: These are similar to travel trailers, but they attach to the bed of a pickup truck instead of being towed behind a vehicle.

Coverage Options

RV insurance policies typically include several types of coverage, including liability coverage, which pays for bodily injury and property damage that you cause to others while driving your RV; collision coverage, which pays for damage to your RV if you are involved in an accident; comprehensive coverage, which pays for damage to your RV from other causes, such as theft, vandalism, or fire; personal belongings coverage, which pays for damage to your personal belongings that are stored in your RV; and medical payments coverage, which pays for medical expenses for you and your passengers if you are injured in an RV accident.


Your deductible is the amount of money you will pay out of pocket before your insurance coverage kicks in. A higher deductible will result in a lower monthly premium, but it will also mean you will have to pay more if you file a claim.


There are a number of discounts available for RV insurance, such as:

  • Multi-policy discounts: If you bundle your RV insurance with your home or auto insurance, you may be eligible for a discount.
  • Safety features discounts: If your RV has safety features, such as anti-lock brakes or an alarm system, you may be eligible for a discount.
  • Good driving record discount: If you have a good driving record, you may be eligible for a discount.

Customer Service and Claims Process

It’s important to choose an RV insurance company with a good reputation for customer service and a claims process that is easy to navigate. You should also be able to get a quote from the company easily and compare their rates to other companies.

What Impacts the Cost of Rv Insurance?

By understanding these factors and carefully evaluating your needs, you can make informed decisions about your RV insurance coverage and potentially lower your premiums.

RV Type and Value

The class, size, and age of an RV significantly impacts insurance rates. More expensive, complex vehicles cost more to insure. Luxury models also get premium rates.

Full Timer vs Weekend Usage

RVs used as full-time residences have higher policy prices compared to those used occasionally for vacation trips. More days on the road equals higher risk.

Deductible Level

Choosing a higher deductible when filing claims helps lower yearly insurance costs. But it means paying more out-of-pocket if repairs become necessary.


Insurers offer many discounts like multi-policy bundling, association memberships, safety features and more. Maximizing eligible reductions helps lower premiums.

Driving History

Drivers with accidents or violations on record pay more for coverage compared to clean driving records. Experience handling larger vehicles also plays a role.

Credit Scores

In most states, insurers apply credit-based insurance scores when underwriting. Better scores demonstrating responsible financial management equate to better RV premium rates.

Coverage Limits/Types

Higher liability coverage levels or additional options like roadside assistance increases premium costs. Choosing only essential coverages needed keeps expenses down.

Advantages and Disadvantages of RV Finance and Insurance


  • Allows spreading RV purchase expense over extended repayment period
  • Lower monthly costs than paying for RV entirely upfront
  • Flexible loan terms up to 20 years available
  • Insurance protects against large, unexpected repair bills and legal actions


  • Interest expense lowers savings versus paying 100% cash
  • Potential for RV repossession if loan terms are not fulfilled
  • Insurance comes with a recurring premium expense
  • Coverage limits may necessitate paying some out-of-pocket costs in a major event

On balance, RV financing and insurance enable RV ownership along with protecting your asset. Shopping smartly nets reasonable rates for financing and coverage.


Financing makes RV ownership viable by spreading the cost over many years at reasonable rates. Comprehensive insurance safeguards your asset while on the roads. Finding the right lending terms and protection coverage lets you begin exciting journeys ahead with peace of mind!

Feel free to leave a comment below if you have any other questions on RV financing or insurance options. And happy trails to you!

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